Mobile Sector Glossary


Mobile Sector Glossary



A2P (Application2person messaging)

Refers to process when messages are sent from application to mobile user.


Alphanumeric sender id

Combination of numeric and alpha characters (0-9, a-z, A-Z, _). It is changeable to fit users` need. Receiver of the message can`t reply on message with alphanumeric sender ID.



Binary messages are used for messages that require special encoding to overcome the limitation of characters in single SMS. Binary messages are used for characters in languages such as Arabic, Chinese, Korean, Japanese or Slavic languages (e.g., Russian), ringtones, photographs, WAP pushes.



Concatenated messages are used to overcome the limitation on the number of characters that can be sent in single SMS. Using this method, long messages are split into smaller messages by the sending device and recombined at the receiving end. Each message is then billed separately.



SMS-MT feature that provides delivery report for every sent message. It is sourced directly from the handset.


Fixed sender id

Usually numeric sender id which is predetermined upfront and can`t be modified to suit customers` need. It is in standard MSISDN format.


Flash SMS

The flash message service enables you to send a message that will appear at the recipient's mobile screen. This means that your recipient won't have to read the message in his mobile phone's inbox.


Global Title

A Global Title (GT) is an address used in the SCCP protocol for routing signaling messages on telecommunications networks. In theory, a global title is a unique address which refers to only one destination, though in practice destinations can change over time.



Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a communications protocol for the transfer of information on the intranet and the World Wide Web.



An International Mobile Subscriber Identity or IMSI is a unique number associated with all GSM and UMTS network mobile phone users. It is stored in the SIM inside the phone and is sent by the phone to the network.


Local Time stamp

SMS-MT feature that adapts the time stamp to the local time of the home network. It is particularly useful for international mobile service providers and enterprises, which need to have the exact sending time adapted to the local time.



A mobile network operator (MNO) is a telephone company that provides services for mobile phone subscribers.



A mobile message routed from an end-user's mobile device and delivered to client or application.


Mobile Number Portability

Mobile Number Portability (MNP) enables mobile telephone users to retain their mobile telephone numbers when changing from one mobile network operator to another.



MSISDN is a number uniquely identifying a subscription in a GSM or UMTS mobile network.



A mobile message routed from client or application and delivered to end user.



A mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) is a company that provides mobile phone service but does not have its own licensed frequency allocation of radio spectrum, nor does it necessarily have all of the infrastructure required to provide mobile telephone service


Number Lookup

Number Lookup is also known as HLR (Home Location Register) Lookup or Network Query. It is a central database that contains details of each mobile phone subscriber that is authorized to use the GSM core network.


Numeric sender id

Default sender type of SMS message in standard MSISDN form. Receiver can reply on message with numeric sender id.



SMS-MT feature that sends Over The Air configuration messages, such as software updates, configuration settings and security locks.


P2A (Person 2 application)

Process in which the SMS message is produced from a mobile user to an application. This definition is often used to define enterprise messaging.


P2P (person 2 person)

Process in which a SMS is produced from one person to another person. Usual traffic between subscribers Mobile Operators.



Service Level Agreement (frequently SLA) is that part of a service contract where the level of service is formally defined.



The short message peer-to-peer protocol (SMPP) is a telecommunications industry protocol for exchanging SMS messages between SMS peer entities such as short message service centers.


SMS Aggregator

SMS aggregator is a mobile telecom company with multiple agreements with operators to send and receive data into and out of the operator's SMSC, acting as an intermediary between companies (i.e. content and brand owners) that want to interact with end users (through their mobile phones) and the mobile operators.


SMS Delivery

SMS Delivery refers to the distribution of mobile messages, including SMS and Premium SMS, directly to end-users' mobile devices.


SMS Hubbing

SMS hubbing is a new structure for the international flow of SMS between operators, reshaping the way that international mobile inter-operability works by implementing hubs to intermediate the SMS traffic and to offer a larger SMS coverage. The GSM Association (GSMA) found in SMS Hubbing the solution to a problem that limits the continuing growth of international SMS, culminating to the development of the SMS Hubbing trials in 2006, part of the Open Connectivity project. This initiative created a new structure for international SMS interoperability, as well as developed standards and requirements that SMS hubs should follow. Regardless of the maturity of the operator or number of subscribers, each subscriber expects to be able to send an SMS to other subscribers, regardless of country and mobile network



A short message service centre (SMSC) is a network element in the mobile telephone network which delivers SMS messages.



Signaling System #7 (SS7) is a set of telephony signaling protocols which are used to set up most of the world's public switched telephone network telephone calls and SMS.


TON/NPI Settings

SMS-MT feature that allows direct passing through of address field values as they were set by the submitting SMSC.



Unicode is an industry standard allowing computers to consistently represent and manipulate text expressed in any of the world's writing systems. As a SMS-MT feature, it allows any content to be sent within a message.


WAP Push

WAP Push has been incorporated into the specification to allow WAP content to be pushed to the mobile handset with minimum user intervention. A WAP Push is basically a specially encoded message which includes a link to a WAP address. WAP Push is specified on top of WDP; as such, it can be delivered over any WDP-supported bearer, such as GPRS or SMS.

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